A Worthy Sequel

I finally had the chance to watch the sequel to A Christmas Story. It was really a heartwarming movie. I enjoyed it very much.

There have been a couple “sequels” that have been made, but none of them came close to the original. They lacked something. They were very hard to watch. And don’t get me started on that “A Christmas Story Live” that was on TV a year or so ago…..urgh!

Peter Billingsley helped write the script, and many of the original cast all show up in this film. That, in itself, makes it worth the watch. Replacing Melinda Dillon as Ralphie’s mom is Airplane’s Julie Haggerty.

I won’t give away too much, because true fans of the movie will want to just watch and enjoy. The movie follows the now-adult Ralphie as he returns to the house on Cleveland Street to give his kids a magical Christmas like the one he had as a child, reconnecting with childhood friends and reconciling the passing of his Old Man.

I read one of the articles about the film before it was released. Peter Billingsley stated in it that the film was the perfect way to honor “the Old Man.” It truly is.

I worried that the movie would simply be a copy of the original. While there are plenty of nods to the original, they do not take away from the film itself. As you watch the end credits of the sequel there are side by side pictures of the original and the “nod” in the film.

This film has so much of what made the original a classic. These are established characters, who you connect with immediately. As you see each of the now adult characters, it’s fun to see what became of them.

What I really enjoyed was seeing how Ralphie now takes on the role of “the Old Man,” so to speak. It’s now his turn to make the holiday special for his family. At the same time, it is interesting to see a very complex side of Ralphie as he sorts through the feelings and responsibility now places on him because of the passing of his father.

What a joy it is to revisit the home on Cleveland Street! At times I felt like I could cry, and in the end I genuinely felt holiday happiness. It is a must see for any Christmas Story Fan!

I’m off to Higbee’s to visit Santa….

A Christmas Story (1983)


This is second of two entries that I am writing as part of The Happy Holidays Blogathon hosted by The Pure Entertainment Preservation Society (PEPS).  You can check out all of the participants here:


For this entry, I have chosen to briefly look at A Christmas Story.

Breif Backstory

A Christmas Story is based on the works of Jean Shepherd. He was a radio DJ for about 40 years, and he was known for these amazing semi-autobiographical stories on the air (and later in books).  The movie itself is a sort of compilation of some of the stories.  The stories used can be found in his books In God We Trust: All Others Pay Cash and Wanda Hickey’s Night of Golden Memories and Other Disasters.  


Last March my wife and I had a chance to tour the Christmas Story House in Cleveland.  They told the story of how the movie’s director, Bob Clark, had been driving to pick up a date.  Shepherd was on the radio telling the story about a boy named Flick. He explained how the boy was was “triple dog dared” to stick his tongue to a metal pole in the middle of winter, where it immediately froze to it.  Bob had never heard a story told that way before.  He was so into the story, that he was 45 minutes late to pick up his date!  The story goes that he resolved right then to make a movie of Shepherd’s works.  12 years later, he did.

Jean wrote the adaption of his stories for the screenplay with Bob Clark.  You can get a sense for the way he worked on the radio simply by listening to the narration that he does in the film as “adult Ralphie”.  He also makes a cameo appearance in the movie.  Watch for him when Ralphie is standing in line to see Santa – Jean is the guy who tells him where the line starts and ends!

As any writer might do, Jean was very protective of his characters, and was on set quite often.  This often didn’t sit well with the director as Jean would often go up to an actor and tell them how to play their character, often suggesting something opposite of what they had been told by Clark.  Eventually, Shepherd was barred from the set.

A Christmas Story


If you look at the plotline of the film, it really is nothing special.  “A young boy wants a BB gun for Christmas.  He tries to convince his teacher, his mother, and Santa that it is the perfect gift.”  Does that sound like something you’d rush right out to see?  I don’t think so.  Even movie critic Roger Ebert said, “My guess is either nobody will go see it, or millions will go to see it.”

I am drawn to this movie each and every year for many reasons, the first being the sense of nostalgia.  We have “adult Ralphie” telling us the story of one particular Christmas in which he received the BEST gift ever.  While telling us this story, we are introduced to his family, his friends, and other memories of his childhood.  These memories make up the vignettes that surround our main story line.

Stop and think for a moment about YOUR favorite Christmas.  Think about YOUR favorite gift.  No doubt, you’d be as excited as Ralphie is to tell you about it.  The narration of Jean Shepherd conveys that childhood anticipation and excitement.  He says, “Christmas was on its way. Lovely, glorious, beautiful Christmas, around which the entire kid year revolved.” In the opening scene, Ralphie Parker, his brother, and his friends are looking in the store window and spot the Red Rider BB Gun.  His description of the gun and all the things he could do with it – he remembers it well.


I connect instantly with this moment!  I remember hating being dragged to the store as a kid, but when I saw the amazing toy displays, I stared in awe and wonder and began adding things to my Christmas list!

One thing I love about the film is the element of fantasy and daydreaming done by Ralphie.  He wants this BB gun.  The gun will be something he can use to save his family from peril and bandits!


Early in the film he drops hints at dinner, in magazines, and in other ways hoping that the BB gun will show up under the tree.


Sadly, his mother states that guns are dangerous and “you’ll shoot your eye out.”  But that doesn’t stop him from dropping hints.


When his teacher asks the class to write a theme on what they want for Christmas, he writes about his BB gun.  When the theme is graded, he get’s a C+ and the teacher has scribbled at the bottom “You’ll shoot your eye out!”  This leaves him with one more chance … he’ll go to the “big man” – Santa!  He’ll ask him directly.

Story 1

While waiting in line to see Santa, he is focused.  He needs to “get it right”.  The store is closing and this is his last chance.  He is anxious and nervous.  When he finally gets to see Santa (after being rushed up by two very annoyed elves), his mind goes blank!


He cannot even speak when he gets on Santa’s lap.  Who wouldn’t freak out?!  I have a picture of me on Santa’s lap crying like crazy!  I am sure I couldn’t remember what I wanted either!  Anyway, Santa suggests a football and sends him on his way (down a slide).  Ralphie, however, comes to his senses and stops himself at the top of the slide.  He then tells Santa he wants the BB gun, only to be told “You’ll shoot your eye out, kid!”

Spoiler Alert – Ralphie gets his BB Gun, thanks to the one person he didn’t ask…

The Old Man

Ralphie is obviously the main character, but if there was a second, it would have to be The Old Man – Ralphie’s father.  Believe it or not, Jack Nicholson was considered for the role.  It’s hard for me to see anyone but Darren McGavin in this role.  He plays the old man perfectly.

Much of the movies subplots feature the Old Man.  We learn that he was constantly fighting his furnace!  When Ralphie asks him want he wants for Christmas, he looks up dreamily and says “a new furnace”.


While fixing the furnace he would cuss.  Ralphie says, “In the heat of battle my father wove a tapestry of obscenities that as far as we know is still hanging in space over Lake Michigan.” Regarding his father’s profanity, Ralphie said, “He worked in profanity the way other artists might work in oils or clay. It was his true medium; a master.”


Another subplot was his “major award”.  It seems he is always entering newspaper contests in hopes of winning it big.  One day he gets a telegram informing him that he has won and his prize will arrive that night.  He comes home to tell the family, he ponders what it could be stating it could even be a bowling alley!  When the prize arrives in a huge crate marked “Fragile”, the old man can hardly contain himself.  “Frageelay.  It must be Italian.”  He shakes with excitement as he opens the crate and pulls out … a leg.

It takes a minute before he finds the lamp shade, and realizes it is a lamp.  He states that it should go right in the front room window, much to the disgust of his wife!


Upon placing it in the window, you can see the Old Man beaming with pride at his major award!


He immediately runs outside to see how it looks.  The excitement draws a crowd of people.  He brags about his major award to a neighbor (director Bob Clark, in a cameo).  he yells to his wife, “You should see how it looks from out here!”


We see conflict between him and his wife regarding the lamp (“Ralphie calls it the Battle of the Lamp”) until one day, she walks into the living room to water her plants.  There is a huge crash, and the old man rushes into the living room to find Mrs. Parker holding his broken lamp.


The old man is very upset and asks for glue.  She states they are out of glue.  He accuses her of using all the glue on purpose, saying she was jealous of the lamp.  Then her true feelings come out by telling him how much she disliked the lamp.


The old man leaves (presumably to get glue) and returns home to attempt to fix the lamp.  He is unsuccessful.  Ralphie explains that he buried the lamp in the backyard, while taps played.

In another vignette, the family goes out to buy a Christmas Tree.  I love this scene because the boys and mom are singing loudly while the old man drives – almost emotionless.


While driving, they blow a tire.  The old man tells his wife to “time” how long it takes to change the tire (He supposedly always wanted to be in the pit crew of the Indianapolis speedway).  Mom suggests that Ralphie should go help his father.  So he goes out and holds the hubcap where the old man places the lugnuts. In an instant, the old man accidentally hits the hubcap and all the bolts fly all over.  Ralphie exclaims “Oh Fudge!” Adult Ralphie explains that he didn’t say “fudge” but the other “F” word!


Upon returning home, his mother “washes his mouth out with soap.” (What mother didn’t threaten their child with that?!) Lifebouy!


Ralphie explains, “Over the years I got to be quite a connoisseur of soap. My personal preference was for Lux, but I found Palmolive had a nice, piquant after-dinner flavor – heady, but with just a touch of mellow smoothness. Lifebuoy, on the other hand… “

They return home with the tree and they decorate it.  Watching the old man decorating the tree reminds me of so many Christmases growing up.  My dad always had to reach up and put on the star (which was never straight).  I always chuckle at how many things are plugged into the outlet!  There is so much going on that a fuse eventually blows and the old man has to put in a new one.


We see the tender side of the old man a couple times in the film, the first is after all the gifts are opened.  He asks Ralphie if he got everything he wanted.  He didn’t.  However, the old man spies a package behind the desk and sends him over to get it.  Ralphie unwraps the BB gun he wanted!  His mother asks about it and the old man replies that Santa must have brought it.  He also states that HE had one growing up, too.  This moment has always stuck out for me – the one person Ralphie didn’t ask for the gun, knew that he wanted it!

One final vignette featuring the old man involves his love for turkey and the annoying hound dogs from next door.  We learn early on that the family’s “hillbilly neighbors” (the Bumpasses) have hound dogs that are constantly bothering the old man.  We see them harass him when he comes home from work, and they will ruin Christmas dinner.

After opening presents, the old man looks forward to a turkey dinner.  He is in and out of the kitchen, trying to eat it before it is even done.  The way he looks at that turkey – you know he loves it!!


While reading the paper, the Bumpass dogs get in and go right to the kitchen, where the turkey is cooling.


Needless to say, they devour the turkey by the time the old man gets to the kitchen.  As he chases them out the door, he stands on the porch and yells one of my favorite lines in moviedom, “Sons a bitches!!  Bumpasses!”

Without a turkey, the family is forced to go out to eat a Chinese restaurant, where they are treated to “Chinese Turkey”.

Other highlights –

There are many memorable scenes throughout this film, but for this blog, I chose to focus more on the family aspect (and I will explain why in a second).  I certainly didn’t want the reader to think that I had forgotten about Scut Farkus, the bully and his minion Grover Dill.  I guess it wouldn’t be a story about kids, without a subplot including a bully. I also don’t want the reader to think I forgot about the “triple dog dare!”  The story of poor Flick, sticking his tongue to the metal pole, after all is what lead Bob Clark to make the entire movie!


I read where Jean Shepherd said this about the film, “In a way, this film is about these people, not Christmas or Santa Claus.”  I would tend to agree.  One of my favorite moments of the film is at the end.  We see Ralphie asleep with his BB gun next to him, and there is a shot of the old man and Mrs. Parker sitting on the couch watching the snow – what an amazing piece of film here!  It is beautiful!!


Peter Billingsly, the boy who plays Ralphie in the film, said this in an interview:

I don’t know if it was the first, but it certainly was one of the best embodiments of a real family.  There’s tension, there’s some fear of the father, there’s anxiety in the household, there’s very much a sibling battle, there’s a mother trying to hold things together, and hold her place, there’s probably financial trouble, the father’s do-it-yourself aspect of the household: nothing is sourced out – he’s going to handle it!  Yet through all that, there’s a genuine sense of love and protection within the house, and yet the words ‘I love you’ are never uttered in the movie.  Still (one of the last shots) is just that simple gesture touching the mother for the first time in the movie.  And in that moment it says all you need to know about that relationship … it tells you how that guy loves her, he’s there for her and that’s it.” 

If that doesn’t sum it up perfectly, I don’t know what does.

Closing thoughts

A Christmas Story is a film that takes us back to a simpler time.  It is a time where Christmas didn’t start before Halloween.  There was no Black Friday.  There was no online ordering or shipping to your front door.  Christmas was “shorter”.  There are no holiday parties to attend in the weeks leading up to the day.  They plan for the day to arrive and then celebrate.

As I have stated in previous blogs, when I think about past Christmases in my life, I get very nostalgic.  I remember those simple times.  I remember grabbing the Sears, JC Penney, and Montgomery Ward toy catalogs and circling the stuff I wanted for Christmas.  I remember the excitement of putting up the tree, and how hard it was to fall asleep on Christmas Eve night.  Christmas was a time for family.  As I look back, I think of those wonderful times and the family members who are no longer here.

I am left to wonder about “adult Ralphie” as he looks back on this particular Christmas.  He speaks often about the old man.  Does he do so because the old man has passed away?  Does he still talk with the kids he hung out with during the movie?  Does he still have that BB gun somewhere?  Does he still drink Ovaltine, or did that “crummy commercial” steer him from ever touching the stuff?


This movie is a “must watch” for me every year.  Despite the fact that it didn’t do well at the box office, thanks to HBO, TBS and Netflix, it is watched faithfully as a family tradition by millions, including me.

Thanks again to The Pure Entertainment Preservation Society for allowing me to take part in this blogathon.

Happy Holidays – Don’t shoot your eye out!





















“Cleveland Rocks!”

For our anniversary, my wife and I wanted to plan a little getaway to celebrate.  Neither one of us had too much PTO in our “banks” at work, so we decided on a weekend trip.  During the planning the destinations changed frequently.  Originally, we had hoped to head back for another trip to Florida, but due to the lack of time available, we decided on something a bit closer to home.

There was talk of going to Nashville and maybe catching a show at the Grand Ole Opry.  Then there was talk of Gatlinburg, where my mom so often talked about.  I think we even chatted about Pennsylvania, too.  Eventually, we decided that Chicago was where we wanted to go, but then realized that it was St. Patrick’s Day weekend, and we figured it might be just a tad crazy (although seeing the river turned green would have been cool.


To be honest, I am not even sure how we decided on Cleveland, Ohio.  I had mentioned that my dad had gone to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and said it was cool.  I started to look at things in Cincinnati.  There was a lot to do there, but why wasn’t the Hall of Fame coming up in any of my searches?  I knew that Cincy was close to Louisville, KY and thought that we could maybe do something there, too.  I had gone as far as to drop a radio buddy a note to say we were gonna be down there and asked for good restaurants to eat at … only to then realize the Hall of Fame was in Cleveland!

Now that we had cleared that up, we were set for Cleveland.  Now, I will be the first to admit “Cleveland,Ohio” as the answer to “Where did you and your wife spend your first wedding anniversary?” is not at all romantic.  Many people laughed when I told them.  Here is the thing about my wife and I, the destination really didn’t matter – it was simply the fact that we were going to be together.  To me, this is just one of the reasons I love her.  We can be content with just having time with each other, no matter where we are, or what we are doing.

We have made it a tradition to go to restaurants that local wherever we go.  If we can go there at home, we’ll go there at home!  By doing this, we have really been treated to some amazing food.  We always try to find a good steak house or something very unique to the city we are in and we have yet to be disappointed.

The Hall of Fame


Personally, I think Sam loves watching me get excited about stuff like this.  We both love museums, but I must have been like a little kid on his birthday during this trip!  I had, of course, seen pictures of the Hall of Fame, but it was something else to be standing in front of it.  The big red block letters that sit upon the sidewalk read “LONG LIVE ROCK”.  As I walked up the steps, there are phoney concert speakers erected by the hand rails. The excitement builds as you walk in.

As you enter, you walk into a huge foyer/lobby.  The gift shop is to your right, to the left a cafe/coffee shop, and in front of you there is an escalator to take you down to purchase tickets.  After buying our tickets, you get ready to enter and above the doors the perfect AC/DC quote to welcome you: “For those about to rock …”


Walking into the main exhibition hall, the first thing I noticed were pictures of John Lennon and Ray Charles on the wall.  The first thing I am drawn to is a glass case containing Bill Haley’s guitar.  Bill is often credited as being the singer of the first “rock and roll” song – Rock Around the Clock.  There is a picture of him playing it in the case as well.  I am not sure why I was so taken in by it, but I was.


The next thing we saw was a line of bass guitars that belong to Geddy Lee of Rush.  I didn’t count , but there had to be like a dozen of them.  The information said that this was only part of his massive collection.

The Roots

One thing I was thrilled to see here was the fact that the “roots” of Rock and Roll were well represented.  Rock really evolved from a combination of Gospel, R&B, Bluegrass, Country, Folk, and Blues music. Each of those genres was represented here.  Among my favorite things I saw:  a suite belonging to Hank Williams Sr.; Louis Jordan’s music folder with his music and cue sheets; stuff from Muddy Waters, BB King, and Mahalia Jackson; Ray Charles sunglasses; Carl Perkins Guitar; salutes to Johnny Otis, Big Joe Turner, and Sam Cooke and so much more.   The roots of rock were so well represented.  Without these people and the genres of music, there would be no rock and roll.


There is a pretty cool section devoted to Elvis, who was one of the first 10 artists inducted into the Hall of Fame.  The Hall has a standing agreement with Graceland in Memphis (which is a museum in itself) and they send memorabilia to them often, so the exhibit changes often.  There was a very cool motorcycle that was custom-built for Elvis.  His gold sequins suit is there, and a jukebox which was given to him as a gift from RCA Records – it contains only Elvis records.  Also on display was a double Gibson guitar which he played in his film Spinout.


The Summer of Love

With the 50th anniversary of the “Summer of Love”, there were some very cool things here.  I saw groovy outfits from the Mama’s and the Papa’s, clothing from Jimi Hendrix, and the HUGE mixing board that was used to record some of Jimi’s music.

On thing I really liked to see was the various things that song lyrics were written on.  There were quite a few original pieces of paper where the beginnings of songs were scribbled.  There were also plenty of hotel pads of paper with lyrics on them.  Loved seeing where changes were made to lyrics.


Cities and Sounds

I loved that there was a section of the hall that saluted cities and sounds.  There was a section devoted to Memphis, Los Angeles, San Francisco, London and Liverpool, Seattle, and of course, Detroit.

In the Memphis section, there were plenty of neat things from Sun Records.  Johnny Cash, Elvis, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins and Roy Orbison all recorded there.  To stand in front of Roy Orbison’s glasses and guitar was pretty awesome.  My earliest musical memories are of my dad playing Roy’s music for me.


A nice tribute to Motown is here with stuff from Barry Gordy, The Supremes (you can see some of their dresses), Smokey Robinson, and the Temptations are all here.  They were playing the episode of To Tell The Truth with Barry Gordy as we walked through this section.

The Beatles and the Rolling Stones each have a nice section at the Hall.  I thought Mick Jagger of the Stones was taller, but standing by some of his outfits, he’s shorter than I thought.  There is the Asher family piano that Paul McCartney donated, some of John Lennon’s outfits, and the handwritten lyrics to “In My Life”.  A very cool documentary was playing in their section as well.


I jumped ahead a bit because the next section was London and Liverpool.  There were some very neat things from the Yardbirds, Peter and Gordon, Herman’s Hermits and the Zombies too.  All in all a nice salute to the British Invasion.

San Fran featured stuff from The Grateful Dead and Janis Joplin, while LA featured stuff from The Eagles, Jackson Brown, Joni Mitchell and Neil Young.  One cool thing here was a duffle bag full of hotel keys.  I don’t recall, but I think it said it belonged to one of the Eagles.  They basically kept the hotel key (and keychain) from every place they stayed while on tour.  The bag was stuffed full of some very cool looking keychains!

This section also had tributes to grunge music, punk music and a section called “Rave On” which focused on the “pioneers” of rock.  Those pioneers included Fats Domino, Chuck Berry, Little Richard, The Everly Brothers and Buddy Holly.  Soul Music was also spotlighted here with some awesome suits from James Brown, stuff from Aretha Franklin, pieces of the wreckage from Otis Redding’s plane crash, and Sam and Dave.  Featured in the soul section were two amazing things – guitars from Donald “Duck” Dunn and Steve “The Colonel” Cropper.  They played on almost every Atlantic and Stax record.  They were members of Booker T and the MG’s, and also played with the Blues Brothers.  Very cool to see!!!


Don’t worry metal heads, there was a section for Heavy Metal too. Oh, and a section for Rap, as well.


When Rock and Roll started to make waves, it wasn’t too popular with folks.  We tend to forget the hatred toward the genre, but they had plenty of newscasts about burning records, and protests that happened.  It was weird to watch the hatred toward the Beatles and read hate mail to the Rolling Stones.  Other artists that were discussed in this section were Frank Zappa and ELO.

On the Radio

As a radio guy, it was cool to be able to walk up to an interactive touch screen and select a region of the US and then listen to old airchecks of DJ’s from different eras.  Naturally, I had to listen to some of the Detroit personalities:  Dick Purtain, Robin Seymour, and The Electrifying Mojo!  There were plenty of familiar names from all over the states and it was nice to get to listen to their stuff too.

The Power of Rock

On the third level, there was a wall with each “class” inducted into the Hall of Fame by year.  You could also go to a touch screen and search by class, by year, or by artist, and listen to their music.  SO many great songs!!!

The Power of Rock is a short film by Jonathan Demme which features many performances from past Hall of Fame inductions.  So many stars and so many great songs were in this film.  The theater had a light show and great sound for the film and it was almost like you were watching a concert live.  The film ends with Prince’s guitar solo on While My Guitar Gently Weeps – WOW!  Forgot how amazing that was!  They also had some of the great quotes on the walls of the hallway that you left the theater by.  Prince’s outfit from that show and other outfits were there as well.


Rock on TV

It was also very cool to see some of the TV show memorabilia on this level.  You could go and record something about your favorite singer or album in special booths.  It was pretty cool to stand in front of Dick Clark’s American Bandstand podium!  His microphone was in a glass case with other things like the set design for the Beatles appearance on Ed Sullivan.  They had TV cameras there, Don Cornelius’ suit from Soul Train, outfits from the Jackson Five and Sonny & Cher and the coat worn by Davy Jones of the Monkees that he wore on The Brady Bunch.  There was also some cool musically related stuff from Saturday Night Live, and from various music videos we all watched on MTV.  It was neat to see Paul Shaffer’s keyboard that he played for so many years on the Late Show with David Letterman.


On the Radio – LIVE

One thing I didn’t realize was that Sirius XM broadcasts their “Classic Vinyl” station out of the Hall of Fame.  Rachel Steele was on air when we went through.  There is a glass window that allows you to look into the studio and watch them broadcast.  I actually felt bad for her.  One thing radio people like is the fact that they can go in to work without really worrying about what to wear, because….who is going to see you!?  Whoever is on the air here, really has to “doll up” every day.

Over all, I loved every second of my visit here!  Any music lover would enjoy themselves!!  If you have never been …. you have to!

Christmas in March

The final stop on the trip was The Christmas Story House.  It is the house featured in the holiday classic.  They renamed the street “Cleveland Street” in honor of the movie.  The Leg Lamp proudly sits in the front window and the Bumpass House is next door.


This is such an inexpensive treat!  The house looks a little different on the inside, but they have restored much of it to be exactly like it looks in the film, which took a bit because there were a few owners since the movie.

We were allowed to take as many pictures as we liked.  There was a guide who took us through the house and told some stories.  You can see the bathroom where Ralphie solves Little Orphan Annie’s secret message, you can see the many plugs the tree was plugged into, pick up the phone that Mrs. Parker calls Flick’s mom on, see the boy’s room, and see the damper in the kitchen that billows black smoke because of the “clinker” furnace.


From the backyard you can see the steel mill (still in operation), which helped Jean Sheppard (the author) pick that particular house for the film.  Across the street is a museum with the actual Red Rider BB gun used in the film, outfits from the cast, Darren McGavin’s plaster life mask (used for make up and such), plenty of behind the scenes pictures, and the Old Man’s car.  The gift shop is full of great items and yes, you can purchase a pink bunny suit or a leg lamp (in various sizes).

Sam told me she’d buy me a bunny suit, but only if I wore it every Christmas!  Incidentally, if you have the $$, you can spend the night in the house or next door at the Bumpass house.

The trip was short, but full of good memories.  I love that we were able to do it and I love that we got to spend time with each other. It was the perfect anniversary trip.

Cleveland, does indeed, ROCK!